Shortly after the outbreak of WW1, the Polish Jura areas became the scene of fierce fighting between the three armies of Germany and Austro-Hungary and Russia. Particularly bloody battles took place in November 1914. Thousands of the killed soldiers were then buried on numerous war cemeteries. One of them can be found in Kromołów, a district of Zawiercie, nearly 130 soldiers are buried.
For centuries, Kromołów was a small town, and most
recently it has become one of the districts of Zawiercie.
Among a few monuments, there is a Jewish cemetery at
Piaskowa Street. The cemetery was established around
the mid-eighteenth century. To date, nearly 1,000 tombs
and a mortuary have been preserved within an area of
about 2.2 hectares. The graves are in the shape of typical
tombstones with inscriptions in Hebrew, Yiddish and
W Bzowie, dawnej, XIV-wiecznej wsi, stanowiącej obecnie część miasta Zawiercie, obejrzeć możemy parterowy, murowany dwór. Budowla, która wzniesiona została zapewne w XVIII w., podlegała przebudowom, w wyniku których jej kształt znacząco się zmienił. Obecnie dwór wykorzystywany jest na cele mieszkalne. Bzów leży na Szlaku Tysiąclecia, którym w niedługim czasie dotrzeć można do blisko położonego Podzamcza lub do Kromołowa.
The Warta, the third longest river in Polish, has its origin in
Kromołów, a present-day district of Zawiercie. There is a
chapel of Saint John of Nepomuk at the source. It has a
history dating back to the sixteenth century, but the
current patron saint is associated with the events of the
eighteenth century. The cult of the fourteenth-century
saint, who came from Bohemia, quickly spread to the
neighboring countries. As saying goes: where Saint John
of Nepomuk is worshipped, there is Central Europe.
The church of Saint Nicolas in today's Kromołów Zawiercie
( it was once a separate town) is the oldest church in the city. It is
located at Jurajska St, which is part of the road from Zawiercie to
Kroczyce. We do not know when exactly the first was built in Kromołów
The church of St Nicholas is considered to be probably the third on this site. Its present-day form comes from
the sixteenth century, when the church was reconstructed.